Physostegia virginiana

Spires of blooms are characteristic of the so-called 'obedient plant' Physostegia virginiana (ht to 1m), which is obedient only in the sense that its tubular flowers remain wherever they are pushed on the 60cm stems. Its tough fleshy roots like to spread through garden borders, so it must be controlled regularly by digging up and discarding the excess rosettes of leaves it forms. It is a tough clump-forming herbaceous perennial originally from the North American prairies. There are purple and white forms, with the white one often failing to do well in our Sydney gardens

These plants bloom in late summer and early autumn, and do best in full sun in any reasonable soil with good drainage. They will stand periods of dryness and heat quite well. If the main stems are cut below the flowering stalks once blooming is over, and the plant fertilised, a second crop of flowers may emerge. The stems can be cut to the ground in winter.

The flowers mingle well with ornamental grasses to recreate a 'prairie' effect but also combine with other summer flowers such as Dahlia, Aster and Salvia. They are useful for floral arrangements.

Flowers in February, March, April.