Sunday, 16 October 2011
It is difficult to create an English-style cottage garden in our Sydney climate. The hot, humid summers and mild winters are not conducive to the growth of most of the traditional stalwarts of these gardens and many of us have broken our hearts trying to nurture them. However, last week I visited the garden of my friend Beverley Jenkins that really does have 'the look' - using plants suited to our climate put together in true cottage style.
I have known this garden for over 20 years and it has been fascinating to watch it evolve over the years. This year it seems to be the best it has ever been. The structure of the garden come from an extensive collection of old roses, growing as shrubs or scrambling over archways. Roses are not always easy to grow in Sydney but over the years, Beverley has trialled many different sorts and found that heritage Tea roses are one of the best types. They need little pruning and flower over a very long period. One particular favourite in the garden is 'Duchesse de Brabant' (pictured at the start of the blog), with its beautiful full blooms, coloured in delicate pale pink and with a delightful perfume.
Beneath the roses are grown a variety of perennials, again ones that have proven their worth for Sydney: Echinacea, Campanula species including Campanula poscharskyana and Campanula rapunculoides, Phlomis fruticosa, trailing Verbena, species Geraniums, big clumps of Limonium perezii, perennial Dianthus, daisies of different kinds, the silvery curry plant (Helichrysum italicum and yarrow (Achillea species). Using massed plantings of each type and repeating them through the garden gives a cohesive and restful effect. Annuals, such as a very pretty pink Californian poppy (Eschscholzia californica)and foxgloves (Digitalis purpurea), self-seed from year to year, giving a natural, informal feel amongst the other plantings.
In recent years, Beverley has introduced a lot of the lower-growing Salvia plants into the garden, particularly including Salvia microphylla and including Salvia greggii cultivars - which come in many different hues. She has found them an excellent companion planting for her roses, and the combination really does give a very 'cottagey' effect, as they provide the spires of bloom that seem so quintessential in this garden style.
Another change which has given the garden a traditional cottage feel has been has been the addition of vegetables to the garden beds. Beverley's husband, Ron, has become interested in vegetable gardening in the last few years, and has managed to plant seedlings in amongst the flowers, as was done in the original cottage gardens, so that beetroots and capsicums grow amongst the roses! Many vegetables have attractive foliage and the effect is fabulous! He now has taken over one whole section of the garden for other vegetables, and neat beds have been created here, with wooden walkways to allow access to the crops. They are almost self-sufficient in vegetables these days!
The key to the health of the plants is the ongoing addition of organic matter to the soil - cow manure and pelleted chicken manure are added every year in late winter, and cane mulch is applied over the top after good rain had fallen when the soil is damp. The cane mulch holds the moisture and inhibits weed growth. It eventually breaks down and contributes to the humus content of the soil. A well-maintained compost heap provides additional organic material to use when planting out new specimens. A manure 'tea', brewed in an old half-barrel with a specially made metal lid, is applied regularly to feed the vegetables.
Few sprays are used against pests; instead ingenious tactics are employed, such as catching cabbage moths in a butterfly net, and placing netted frames over the top of crops such as cabbages to prevent butterflies and moths getting to the plants.
With its profusion of roses and perennials in harmonious colour schemes, and the soft buzzing of the bees at work amongst the flowers, the garden was a joy to visit at this time of year. I came home with some cuttings and seedlings, along with some new ideas for my own garden borders.
This is a good time of year to visit other gardens for enjoyment and inspiration.
The garden at 2 Pildra Avenue, St Ives, will be open on 22 and 23 October from 10 am to 4 pm. This large garden was the winner of the ABC Gardener of the Year (NSW/ACT) award in 2010. It has majestic trees, sweeping lawns and flowing garden beds filled with many shrubs and flowers. On 29 and 30 October from 10 am to 4.30 pm, the Shaw garden at 2 Narla Road, Bayview will be open under the Open Gardens scheme. This large garden - with beautiful views of Pittwater - has many attractive and interesting features, and includes unusual native species as well as cottage plants and vegetables.
- By Peta 6253 Monday, 17 October 2011
Interesting to read of this Cottage garden in Sydney. Here in the South West of WA we have almost the opposite problem with hardly any summer rain. This year we have had average winter and spring rains so we gardeners are quite cheerful. Tea Roses do enjoy our climate too, very versatile.
Yes, interesting how adaptable the Tea roses are. They grow well here in cold inland areas as well as in Sydney. I don"t grow roses myself but these are quite tempting! Deirdre
- By Sheryl 2153 Monday, 17 October 2011
I"m amused that you mention growing vegetables amongst the flowers as I never thought anything of it and have roses and other flowers in my vegie patch too! Mine are mostly herbs with the addition of tomatoes and capsicum.
It sounds great, Sheryl. I am going to try it! Deirdre
- By margaret 2122 Tuesday, 18 October 2011
also admire Beverley"s garden, although I have not visited for some time. Her garden is a great example of cottage gardening. I always plant nasturtiums, calendulas, violas and poppies in the veg garden and the combination seems to work well with vegetables and herbs. Great blog!
Thanks, Margaret. I like the vegies mixed in with the flowers. Actually some of those flowers you mentioned are edible - definitely the nasturtiums (flowers and leaves). I think they would be pretty in a salad! Deirdre
- By beverley 2113 Thursday, 20 October 2011
I thought I should explain one thing ab out the blog on my garden....what looks like campanula rapunculoides is actually Adenophora, a member of the campanula family, but does not grow so rampantly. I bought it from Mary Davis a long time ago. from Beverley.
Thanks, Beverley, that was my mistake! Thanks for telling me the right name. It looks fantastic! Deirdre
- By Richard 2112 Friday, 04 November 2011
Duchesse de Brabant is a wonderful old rose, and I grow a number of David Austins which look great in my cottage garden. I also use a number of the smaller salvias as well as catmints, tall bearded iris, pacific coast iris, lycoris, penstemons, lambs ears, gaura etc which all grow well in Sydney.
Sounds a very successful garden. Great re the penstemons which I have no luck with in my garden. Is there a secret?
- By Richard 2112 Monday, 07 November 2011
The trick is to treat penstemons as a short lived perennial or biennial, & have new plants on the go for when your established plant keels over suddenly. I find they strike easily from cuttings, especially if you take pieces of stem with aerial root nodules on them, & will often layer themselves.
Thanks for this advice. Deirdre